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略語一覧(1992年10月27日改定)

 下記の略語はアレルギー学領域で比較的多く用いられているものの一部を示したものである.論文作成上の参考とされたい.(編集委員会)

Ag antigen
AIDS acquired immune deficiency syndrome
APC antigen-presenting cell
BPO benzylpenicilloyl
BSA bovine serum albumin
C complement
C region constant region of Ig
cAMP cyclic AMP
cDNA complementary DNA
CFA complete Freund's adjuvant
CFU colony-forming unit
Con A concanavalin A
CSF colony-stimulating factor
CTL cytotoxic T lymphocyte
DEAE diethylaminoethyl
DNP dinitrophenyl
ds double-stranded(as dsDNA)
E erythrocyte
EBV Epstein-Barr virus
EDTA ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid
ELISA enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay
E:T ratio effector to target ratio
FACS fluorescence-activated cell sorter
FCS fetal calf serum
FITC fluorescein isothiocyanate
GvH graft versus host
HAT hypoxanthine aminopterin thymidine
HIV human immunodeficiency virus
HLA human histocompatability leukocyte antigens
HPLC high performance liquid chromatography
Id idiotype
IEF isoelectric focusing
IFA incomplete Freund's adjuvant
IFN interferon(e.g., IFNγ)
IL interleukin(e.g., IL2)
i.p. intraperitoneal
i.v. intravenous
LATS long acting thyroid stimulator
LPS lipopolysaccharide
mAb monoclonal antibody
2-ME 2-mercaptoethanol
MEM minimum essential medium
MHC major histocompatibility complex
MLR mixed leukocyte(lymphocyte)reaction
ND not determined
NK cell natural killer cell
NS not significant
NZB New Zealand Black
NZW New Zealand White
OVA ovalbumin
p probability value
PAGE polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis
PBL peripheral blood lymphocyte
PBS phosphate-buffered saline
PCA passive cutaneous anaphylaxis
PG prostaglandin
PHA phytohemagglutinin
P-K Prausnitz-Küstner
PPD purified protein derivative(tuberculin)
PWM pokeweed mitogen
r recombinant(e.g., rIFNγ)
R receptor(e.g., IL2R)
RBC red blood cell
RIA radioimmunoassay
RAST radioallergosorbent test
RIST radioimmunosorbent test
s.c. subcutaneous
SD standard deviation
SDS sodium dodecyl sulfate
SE standard error
SRBC sheep red blood cells
ss single-stranded(e.g., ssDNA)
TCR T cell receptor for antigen
TdR thymidine deoxyribose(also UdR, AdR)
Th cell T helper cell
TNF tumor necrosis factor
TNP trinitrophenyl
Ts cell T suppressor cell
UV ultraviolet
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